In preparing the present volume it was the author's intention primarily to provide a course in Russian for persons in the English speaking world who are studying the language without a teacher.

It is, however, so devised that it may equally well be used under the guidance of a tutor. It is intended for students who have reached an intermediate level by studying N. Potapova's Russian, or some similar text-book.

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The book is entirely practical and the material it provides is contemporary and frankly utilitarian. It consists of nineteen lessons, each one of which deals with a particular aspect of everyday life in the Soviet Union today.

Each lesson consists of a passage for reading and a set of dialogues on a specific theme followed by notes and exercises.

The passages are given in order of increasing difficulty as regards both subject matter and language. However, as the grammar and syntax do not vary greatly in difficulty from one lesson to another, this order need not be strictly adhered to.

The notes deal mainly with points of grammar, syntax and vocabulary which present difficulty to foreign students of Russian, but some of them are factual.

Each lesson contains a section entitled "Memorize", in which certain common expressions are given. It is recommended that they should be learnt by heart.

The exercises are intended to stimulate active use of the words, expressions and constructions which occur in the reading passages and dialogues. They include exercises in translation from English into Russian, in renarration of the passage for reading, composition on the topic of the lesson. The Key provided at the end of the book enables the student to check his work. There are also tables of common idiomatic expressions as well as examples of certain syntactical constructions. A comprehensive Russian-English vocabulary is given at the end of the book.

The author suggests the following method of study.

Read the passage several times, translate it with the aid of the notes and the vocabulary; retell it, following the original passage as closely as possible,  not attempting to change the constructions or substitute other words for those given in the passage.

Next the dialogues should be studied; it would be advisable to memorize some of them.

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The student should then do the exercises. lt is advisable to attempt all the exercises provided, in order to assimilate thoroughly certain difficult items of grammar, syntax and vocabulary.

The last phase consists of the more independent types of work: translation, narration and composition. The student’s success here depends on how thoroughly he has assimilated all the preceding matter provided in the lesson.

PREFACE

Russian in Exercises is intended for beginners. It contains some 800 exercises treating most fundamental and typical points of Rus­sian grammar and vocabulary.

The book is divided into two parts.

I. INTRODUCTORY LEXICAL AND GRAMMATICAL COURSE

The exercises included in this section will enable students to master the structure of the simple sentence and to learn to ask and answer various questions, using a selected vocabulary not exceeding 330 words (nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, pronouns and function-words). At the same time they will help students assimilate such phenomena of Russian grammar as verb conjugations, the formation and uses of the past and future tenses, the formation of plural nouns, adjectives and pronouns, etc.

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The fact that the exercises use a limited number of words, which are therefore frequently repeated, helps to provide students with a lexical basis so necessary for more extensive study of Russian.

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